Did you ever wonder what chewing gum is made of? Well, basically a gum is a sweetened concoction made of chicle which is a natural latex product or polyisobutylene, a synthetic rubber. Chewing gum has been discovered and found to be in existence since the neolithic period when a substance made of birch bark tar with teeth imprints was found in Kierikki, Yli-Ii, Finland. The bark tar of which the gum was made of was found to have antiseptic properties and other medicinal uses.
There have been many uses of the chewing gum which people have found to be useful even before modern civilization. The Aztecs used the chicle base in their gum which women, at that time, used as mouth freshener. Many other cultures find the gum useful and used different types of material in which to chew from. The Greeks used the mastic gum made from resin of the mastic tree, American Indians chewed on resin made from sap of spruce trees, the New England Settlers also picked up from these practice and created the first commercial chewing gum called The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum and later on, a gum made of paraffin wax exceeded its popularity.
The popularity of chewing gum has created a great number of companies which dominates the market and have become household names. Through the years these companies have been able to create gum products which the market has patronize and then became household names. The company Wrigleys’, established by William Wrigley Jr. in 1892, is the most successful company in the chewing gum industry which has become a household name and developed numerous brands and flavored gums which was patronized by the public. The gum also has many health uses especially on oral hygiene.
In the military, using chewing gum is very effective for the soldiers’ concentration as well as stress relief. There have been numerous health benefits that a gum brings to one’s diet especially on dental benefits which shows that the presence of xylitol in sugar-free gums reduces the built-up of cavities and plaque, and other oral health issues.
A chewing gum also gives relief to persons’ hearing problems when riding an airplane, used as sham feeding treatment after surgery on the abdominals specifically on gastrointestinal surgery and many other uses which contributes to the well being of a person. Today numerous types of gum are available in the market with a wide array of flavors to choose from, including sugarless gum, nicotine gum, athletes’ gum, liquid center gum, bubble gum, and chewing gum.